What you need to know about Kutaisi
Kutaisi is the 3rd most populous city in Georgia, traditionally, second in importance, after the capital city of Tbilisi. Situated 221 kilometres (137 miles) west of Tbilisi, on the Rioni River, it is the capital of the western region of Imereti. Historically one of the major cities of Georgia, it served as the capital of the Kingdom of Georgia in the Middle Ages, and later as the capital of the Kingdom of Imereti. From October 2012 to December 2018, Kutaisi briefly was the seat of the Parliament of Georgia as an effort to decentralise the Georgian government.
Currency. Georgian LARI is the official currency of Georgia. According to the currency ranking most popular exchange rate is GEL to USD rate, than comes EURO, Turkish Lira, Pound sterling, and Russian Ruble.
- Kutaisi has a humid subtropical climate (Cfa) with a well-defined on-shore/monsoonal flow (characteristic of the Colchis Plain) during the Autumn and Winter months.
- The summers are generally hot and relatively dry while the winters are wet and cool. Average annual temperature in the city is 14.8 degrees Celsius.
- January is the coldest month with an average temperature of 5.4 degrees Celsius while August is the hottest month with an average of 24.7 degrees Celsius. The absolute minimum recorded temperature is −17.0°C and the absolute maximum is 43.1°C.
- Average annual precipitation is around 1,500 mm (59.06 in). Rain may fall in every season of the year. The city often experiences heavy, wet snowfall (snowfall of 30 cm/12 inches or more per single snowstorm is not uncommon) in the winter, but the snow cover usually does not last for more than a week. Kutaisi experiences powerful easterly winds in the summer which descend from the nearby mountains.
Georgian language (Kartuli) is in its own language group, completely unrelated to Indo-European, Semitic or other languages. Georgians have been embroiled in struggles against the world’s biggest empires (Roman, Arab, Mongol, Persian, Ottoman, Russian, etc) for centuries.
Kutaisi has three specialties: Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmacy. The duration of education at the Medical Specialty is 6 years; and there are 5 years at the Dental and Pharmaceutical specialties. Study process is divided in Basic and clinical parts. Basic sciences are taught during the first three years that includes laboratory and scientific studies needed for clinical subject learning. Clinical subjects are taught at the hospitals during the last three years. Medical instruction is given in Georgian.
The institution has implemented The European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System(ECTS) since 2005–2006 years.
The library fund consists of 15,000 textbooks, including about 5000 samples of contemporary foreign editions, video and audio resources. Georgian and foreign periodicals are received systematically.
On April 2, 2009, the Georgian economy minister, Lasha Zhvania, announced that an Egypt-based home appliances producer company, Fresh Electric, intends to create a free industrial zone in Kutaisi
- Throughout the centuries, Imeretia has been one of Georgia’a most important political and cultural centers, as well as a trade hub. The kings of the entire country ruled from the capital city of this region, Kutaisi. To this this day, it counts among the crucial political and cultural centers. Thanks to Georgia’s strategic location, the country had become and important point in the route between Asia and Europe. This has contributed to the richness and originality of georgian art and culture.
- Many cultural sites lay in the heart of the region, in the city of Kutaisi. The city center hosts the Opera, built in 1969. Its rich repertoire is certainly worth attention, and the shows are created with the participation of a ballet group. It is in this very place that the famous “Suliko”, Stalin’s beloved song, has been performed for the first time. The building’s architecture is splendid, with impressive lion sculptures adorning its left, right and center rooftops. Kutaisi is also the birthplace of the famous opera composer Zacharia Paliashvili, and the home city to well-known musicians: Meliton Balanchivadze, Kote Potskhverashvili, Bartolome Kukhiniadze, andg Pilimon Koridze.